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Showing 14 posts in Income Tax.

Projected Increase of Annual Gift Tax Exclusion

Each year a variety of items in the Internal Revenue Code are updated based on inflation, specifically the consumer price index. Read More ›

Categories: Income Tax, Tax

Do You Need More Time For Your Taxes?

The April 15 deadline to file taxes is almost here. Are you concerned about meeting the deadline? The IRS released an article titled "Five Things to Know if You Need More Time to File Your Taxes." The article was released on April 13, 2015.

Categories: Income Tax, News & Events, Tax

Michigan Treasury Highlights Individual Income Tax Developments for 2014

The Michigan Department of Treasury has issued a release (available here) that highlights new developments affecting Michigan's individual income taxes for tax year 2014. The release notes the changes that Treasury has made to several forms, including Michigan Form MI-1040 and Schedule 1 (Additions and Subtractions). The release also notes that certain credit, deduction, and exemption amounts have been adjusted for inflation for tax year 2014. Finally, the release includes a number of reminders and announcements, including a reminder regarding the option to pay individual income taxes electronically. Please contact a member of Foster Swift's State and Local Tax (SALT) Practice Group if you have questions regarding Michigan taxes.

Categories: Income Tax, News & Events, Tax

501(c)(3) Organizations: What am I Required to Disclose When People Ask?

Tax-exempt organizations are exempt from many taxes, including federal income taxes.  However, in exchange for exemption from income tax for charitable activities and for receiving tax-deductible contributions, Congress requires 501(c)(3) organizations to disclose the following information to the public upon request: Read More ›

Categories: Income Tax, Tax, Tax-Exempt Organizations

Seventh Circuit Reverses District Court; Turns Away Constitutional Challenge to Minister's Housing Allowance

The principle that individuals have the right to worship as they see fit has been fundamental in the United States since the country's founding. However, while the government may be prohibited from establishing a religion or interfering with the free exercise thereof, that does not mean that government has no role in religion. Throughout history, organized religions have enjoyed special legal status, including in the Internal Revenue Code (the "Code").

The parsonage allowance, codified in Section 107 of the Code, has two parts.  Section 107(1) grants a tax exemption on the rental value of a home directly provided to a minister as part of his or her compensation. Section 107(2) excludes from gross income rental allowances paid to a minister as part of his or her compensation.

In November 2013, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin declared Section 107(2) of the Code unconstitutional because it violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. The decision was appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.  Read More ›

Categories: Income Tax, News & Events, Tax

U.S. Tax Court: Value of Bank Reward Points is Taxable

U.S. Tax Court: Value of Bank Reward Points is TaxableWith holiday travel season upon us, you may be thinking about redeeming some reward points you’ve earned from your bank for a free airline ticket. After a recent U.S. Tax Court ruling, the ticket may not be as free as you think.

In the case of Shankar v. Commissioner, IRS, the U.S. Tax Court sided with the IRS and held that the value of an airline ticket purchased with “Thank You” reward points is taxable as gross income.

Parimal Shankar received 50,000 “Thank You” points from Citibank in 2009. Citibank sent him and the IRS a Form 1009-MISC, which reported the ticket value of $668 as “other income.” Shankar did not report the income. The IRS sought payment of the tax and assessed a $563 deficiency. Shankar disputed the IRS’s position, filed a petition with the U.S. Tax Court, and the case went to trial. Read More ›

Categories: Income Tax, Tax

Properly Document and Structure Your Professional Practice Management Fees

Dental, orthodontic, and other professional practices often use management fees to allocate compensation among professionals. This compensation strategy is sometimes tax efficient only if the management fee is tax deductible. The U.S. Tax Court recently ruled that a dental practice was not entitled to deduct purported management fees that the practice paid to a related, ESOP-owned entity because there was no indication that the entity actually performed services in exchange for the fees. Wiley M. Elick, Tax Court Memorandum 2013-139. The court also upheld the IRS's imposition of an accuracy-related penalty. Professionals who use management fees in their compensation plan should ensure that the relationship is properly structured and that services are well documented.

Categories: Income Tax

Alternative Minimum Tax Permanently “Patched”

Alternative Minimum Tax Permanently “Patched” The Alternative Minimum Tax (“AMT”) was enacted in 1969 to ensure that high-income individuals paid at least a minimal amount of tax.  The AMT operates parallel to the regular tax system and allows different deductions, credits, and exemptions. Read about the changes to the AMT ›

Categories: Alternative Minimum Tax, Income Tax

American Taxpayer Relief Act Summary

On January 2, 2013, President Obama signed the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (ATRA) into law. Enacted to address the tax side of the “fiscal cliff,” the ATRA primarily addresses the expiration of certain portions of the Bush-era tax cuts.  Below is a summary of the major tax provisions in the ATRA. Read More ›

Categories: Alternative Minimum Tax, Income Tax

New Law Clarifies Withholding Requirements for Flow-Through Entities

Tax withholding requirements in Michigan are set forth in MCL 206.703.  Every Michigan employer that is required to withhold federal income tax under the Internal Revenue Code is also required to register and withhold Michigan income taxes.  Effective January 1, 2012, companies that pay pension and retirement benefits are also required to withhold Michigan income taxes on those payments to retirees. The withholding rate is generally 4.35%. Read More ›

Categories: Income Tax